Apple production in Europe

The sector of fruit production is a very important element of EU agriculture and constitutes 6.7% of total agricultural production. The most important producers with regard to the economic value of produced fruit are: Spain (33.4%), Italy (18.7%) and France (11.4%), whose combined production amounted to over 60% of fruit production in the EU in 2015.

The largest apple producers in the EU are:

  • Poland 25%
  • Italy 19.2%
  • France 15.5%[1]

The fruit sector offers a large variety of products. However, apples (12.7 million tons), oranges
(6 m tons) and peaches (2.5 m tons) are the most important fruit regarding size of harvest in the European Union.

Apple trees are the most common fruit tree in the European, and their cultivation covers 450,000 ha. The largest apple producer in the European Union is Poland. The area of apple growing in Poland covers 1/3 (32%) of the total area of apple cultivation in the European Union,
and apple orchards there cover more than half (53%) of all fruit-growing areas. [2]

Source: Eurostat

 

Source: Eurostat, https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/sites/agriculture/files/dashboards/apple-dashboard_en.pdf

  

Source: Eurostat

Apples are the most widely exported fruit of the European Union, and their main recipients are Belarus (16.4%) and Egypt (13.3%). The largest apple consumption is noted in China and the European Union.

 

Source: Eurostat

 

In the current economic year, it has been observed that apple production in the EU is 3% lower than the previous year. The Polish harvest is 4% higher, but the percentage of apples intended for processing has fallen from 60% to 40%, and delivery of fresh apples is 30% lower than in the previous economic year. Poland at the end of 2016 obtained access to the Chinese market as well as many other outlets, enabling large export possibilities. The demand for apples has remained at a stable level. To sum up, in the context of lower harvests in the current year, the price perspectives of fresh apples are better than last year, but lower than the five-year average.[i]

 

 

[1] Data from the period of July/August 2016 http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/The_fruit_and_vegetable_sector_in_the_EU_-_a_statistical_overview

[2] Ibidem

[i] Material written on the basis of Eurostat data.
https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/sites/agriculture/files/dashboards/apple-dashboard_en.pdf